It's that time of year again - go ahead and speculate away in the comments about possible Nobel laureates in physics or chemistry. Natural suggestions in physics include Aharonov and Berry for geometric phases, Vera Rubin for dark matter/galaxy rotation curves, Charlie Kane and Shoucheng Zhang (and possibly Molenkamp) for topological insulators, Pendry, Smith, and Yablonovitch and John (oh dear that's four) for metamaterials and/or photonic bandgaps.
Update: check out Slate's article on deserving women candidates. Dresselhaus would be a good choice. (I'm not as big a fan of, e,g., Lisa Randall, who is extremely smart but is in the space of high energy theorists who have not yet had predictions of exotic physics actually verified by experiment.)